The swamp white oak is a great choice for a shade or street tree, with the ability to grow at a moderate pace and live more than 300 years. vary in appearance, size and climate preference, depending on the species, they all produce acorns, inconspicuous flowers and develop from a single root system. Native Americans and pioneers used the nuts for food. The cap encloses 1/3–1/2 of the acorn and has grayish scales and fine hairs. 1/2- to 3/4 in. A mature live oak's massive surface root system will readily destroy sidewalks, curbs, driveways and patios if planted too close. However, it’s used so much in parks and home landscaping that it’s in no danger of extinction. Young trees of swamp white oak are tolerant of light shade but become more characteristic of full sun with maturity. to wildlife is high. The bark of swamp white oak has an interesting texture. . Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor) is suitable for use in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 8. With age, it has a scaly appearance, rough with deep, vertical furrows and horizontal breaks, and may begin to peel. swamp white oaks) and like full sun and fairly moist soil. Birds in all of the time. Twigs are brown or gray, smooth, and covered with scattered white lenticels. Live oaks (Q. virginiana) also have shallow, spreading roots and canopies up to 80 feet wide. Swamp white oak can have problems on high pH soils but this is not always the case. An oak with a healthy root system can develop into majestic, round-crowned shade tree. Swamp white oak is a striking tree with attractive peeling bark, especially on young trees. Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), has three to four flights in the south from February-November and two flights in the north from May-September. Edward's Hairstreak (Satyrium edwardsii), has one flight from May-July in the south and June-July in the north. Juvenal’s Duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis) has one brood from April-June, appearing as early as January in Florida. What are some of your favorite street trees? In the nursery, it grows as fast as most of our Maples. Another great reason to plant them on the boulevard! As the name suggests, the swamp white oak is adapted to moist sites like swamp and river edges. Like all oaks, the swamp white oak is a friend to pollinators. Quercus bicolor, commonly called swamp white oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown and a short trunk which typically grows at a moderate rate to a height of 50-60' (sometimes larger). Love my swamp oak; planted it about 5 years ago. Thick dark green leaves. Canada: ON. What are some of your favorite street trees? form a strategic partnership called N.C. This tree is mildly resistant to damage by deer. A good rule of thumb is to start at about 8 to 10 feet away from your home for small trees and scale up to account for the tree’s mature height and spread. Fall color, displayed in front of Pitch Pine trees. And their natural, low, spreading growth habit (live oak … Dig it up with as much dirt as possible using " ball and burlap " techniques to keep the soil in place. Few species of Oak trees even survive in drought conditions, for example, native California oaks (e.g California white oak). SWAMP WHITE OAK Quercus bicolor. Avoid at all costs. Flowers bloom in April. It’s a handsome tree that will grow about 60 feet tall with a relatively open canopy spread of about 50 feet. The wildlife value is high. There will be more roots when conditions are favorable. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Roots of Oak trees grow best in the soil which is little acidic having a good amount of oxygen. Due to the root system, it is tolerant of areas that have spring flooding and fairly dry summers. It is tolerant of heat and drought, but sensitive to soil compaction, salt and air pollution. Swamp white oak has a spreading, shallow-growing root system. In the open landscape, this species reaches a mature height and crown spread of about 50 to 60 feet. Production method: Bare-root digging takes exponentially more roots along than does B&B digging. They are not picky about soil. The leaves are broad and ovoid. Prefers moist acidic soil and works well planted in wet areas. It is said that over 400 swamp white oats are being planted at the September 11th memorial in Manhattan. While swamp white oak prefers rich deep wet to even poorly drained soils, it also does well on drier, compacted sites. They’ve been known to ruin underground water lines and crack poured pavement. National Wildlife Foundation Native Plant Finder. Some roots grow best in wet soil while some prefer drained, compact soil. With shifts in climate, it is a more reliable tree now in the Twin Cities and beyond. Its acorns are prolific! The Swamp White Oak grows into a rounded tree 50 to 60 feet tall, and just as wide, so allow plenty of room for its mature development. Leaves are 3-9" long and 2½-6" across. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a. The inner bark was used heavily in the leather tanning industry and it also produced an important yellow dye. The Swamp White Oak is probably best characterized by one rare ecological community. It grows at a pace of 1 to 2 feet a year, so it sizes up relatively quickly. Young trees of swamp white oak are tolerant of light shade but become more characteristic of full sun with maturity. They are not picky about soil. Type: Anderson Band Pot Grown Per Bundle: 25 Zone: 3 Again, the root system is the reason we avoid this tree. Sugar maple sapling with 6-foot-long roots. This tree has a massive root system and will seek any source of water. Due to the root system, it is tolerant of areas that have spring flooding and fairly dry summers. South East Canada to Northern Central & Eastern U.S.A. AL , CT , DC , DE , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Fruit is available September-October. Flowers are in drooping, elongated clusters. The open rounded crown makes it a good shade tree for large areas. Last year, when the City of St. Paul removed 33 ash trees from the two blocks around my house, they planted a variety of trees to replace them. Once Swamp White gets established (which is easier for this Oak than most others) it will put on incredible amount of growth. 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