This branch is divided into North and West Germanic. Includes the Germanic branch, Indo-Iranian branch, Balto-Slavic branch, and Romance branch. All of these are related because they stem from a single language branch and so a single language. When this newly combined language becomes the primary language of the people in a region it is called a “creole” language. The family also includes the languages spoken in the Caucasus Region and across Central Asia, previously controlled by the Soviet Union. Have you ever tried to communicate with someone who doesn't speak your language? Human geography or anthropogeography is the branch of geography that deals with humans and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across locations. Isogloss. The Flemings. Ex: Proto-Indo-European. The most spoken language in this family is Turkish. Spoken by half of the world's people, and includes, among others, the germanic, romance, and slavic subfamilies. Rubenstein, Chapter 5, Language. A regional variation of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation, particular to a specific region or social group. Linguists may prefer a list of the Romance languages with more detail and more thoroughness. Among the world's largest multinational states are, A language that was nearly extinct in British-controlled areas but which is now being revived is, Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because, The first widespread use of the nation-state concept came in, Political unity in the ancient Mediterranean world reached its height in. An array of separate languages that are suspected to be related by prehistoric origin. It serves as the lingua franca in India and is used by the government, growing into a national language in the nineteenth century when the British encouraged its use in government. This language family is found in northern Africa and southwestern Asia (Middle East), where Islam is the dominant religion. Instead of letters, Chinese languages use ideograms (characters) that mostly represent concepts rather than sounds. Developed out of an earlier pidgin stage. Definition. ... Additional International Studies Flashcards . Created by bkimbrough. It is part of the Indo-Iranian branch. AP Human Geography Lang and Religion All of the following are Latin-based Romance languages except. This language can be spoken in many different ways, but there is only one official way to write the language, using a script called Devanagari. Chapter 08 - A Geography of Languages. A Language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages (currently English worldwide). Indo-European is one of the largest branches and it includes English as well as many other Germanic languages. This … This family includes the languages of Arabic and Hebrew. Bilingual signs and television and radio programs have also been added to help preserve this language. Created. B) Spanish. Currently, America dominates the world with multinational corporations and media, which has made English the world's current lingua franca (international language of business). Includes Madarin, Thai, Cantonese and Burmese. Places and countries where French is spoken around the world. Language Family spoken mostly in Indonesia. It was one of my daughter’s favorite classes. Language family containing the Germanic and romance languages that includes languages spoken by about 50% of the world's people: Sino-Tibetan: Language area that spreads through most of Southeast Asia and China and is comprised of Chinese, Burmese, Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean: Afro-Asiatic C) Western Europe. It is written with the Arabic alphabet since Iran is a Muslim country. C) fragmented sta... All of the following are Latin-based Romance languages except. AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Language DRAFT. Noun 1. C) French. Ch. 2nd largest language family. It diminished in use in the fourth century B.C. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families. Latin was the language of the Roman Empire , but the classical Latin that was written by literati like Cicero was not the language of daily life. A language branch of the Indo-European Language Family. Language The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. AP Human Geography Language Lecture - Duration: 11:35. This language serves as a unifying force in the Middle East (Northern Africa and Southwest Asia), typically referred to as the Arab World. This country has institutionalized cultural diversity by creating a form of government that places considerable power in local, small communities (Decenetralization). Total Cards. Migration and isolation: ... What language branch separates Romanian from the rest of it's Romance language counterparts? Among the world's largest multinational states are A) Russia and the United States. This branch is divided into two language groups: Goidelic(Gaelic), which includes Irish Gaelic and Scottish Gaelic, and Brythonic, which includes Welsh, Breton, and Cornish. The conventional spelling system of a language. It is recognized as an official language, along with English and French in Nunavut, the Inuit territory of Canada. Did you manage to communicate? The motives of European states in establishing colonies can be summarized as all but which of the following? A language that predates the current language family, before the written record. Balto-Slavic: Term. Proposed by Colin renfrew, this theory argues the Proto-Indo-European language diffused by way of agriculktural practices from Anatolia (Turkey) in 6300 BC. Also known as Euskera, this isolated language predates the Indo-European language and is not related to any other language family in Europe. AP Human Geography. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. This language was forbidden under English rule, but has been revived in recent years. The word romance connotes love and wooing, but when it has a capital R, as in Romance languages, it probably refers to a set of languages based on Latin, the language of the ancient Romans. This region of the Americas primarily speaks Romance Languages, which derived from Latin. AP Human Geography: Chapter 4- Language questionWhere is Basque primarily spoken? Maybe you found you both spoke the same second-language, a language learned after learning your native language. Isogloss. The Indonesian language is used as a lingua franca in Indonesia, due to so many different native languages (739 active languages). Know. A distinctive mode of pronunciation of a language, especially one associated with a particular nation, locality, or social class. 1. This is one of the two official languages of Wales, along with English. This branch includes more than 100 individual languages divided into an eastern group (Indic), which includes the languages of Hinid and Urdu and a western group (Iranian), which includes Farsi and Kurdish. Answer: A. Edit. This language is the most spoken language in the world. AP Human Geography: Chapter 5 Vocab questionAccent answera distinctive pronunciation of language, associated with a nation, locality, or social class questionAcculturation answerthe process. Languages that lie in the areas once controlled by the Roman Empire but were not subsequently overwhelmed. mindybrett_49593. These languages declined because the Celts lost most of their territory and the English colonizers forbid the use of the Celtic languages. If Germanic, romance, Balto-Slavic, and indo-Iranian languages aer all part of the same indo European language family, then they must be descended from a single common ancestral language. The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents, a language that is given special legal status. A written character symbolizing the idea of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it. Chapter 5; key issue 3. This province in Canada primarily speaks French, due to its history of colonization. The dialect of English associated with upper class Britons living in the London area now considered the, When a lack of spatial interaction (isolation) among speakers of a language breaks the language into, When peoples with different languages have consistent spatial interaction and their languages collapse, When linguists track sound shifts and the hardening of consonants backward to reveal an "original", Slight word change in language within the subfamilies and language family from present time, backward, Pope Alexander VI's 1493 decision that officially split the New World into two empires, with Spain. By understanding where and how languages developed, we learn about the people who spoke them. CHAPTER INTRODUCTION Language is one of the cornerstones of national identity, cultural unity, and community cohesion. It is part of the Indo-Iranian branch. A geographic boundary line delimiting the area in which a given linguistic feature occurs. Language Family in Europe that includes the languages of Estonian, Finnish, and Hungarian. Germanic Languages. International Studies. What is the BEST definition of “language”? A language branch of the Indo-European Language Family. Hebrew is spoken in Israel, a Jewish state, and Arabic is spoken throughout the region since it is the language of the Koran, the Islamic holy book. What are dialects a result of? Origin and Diffusion: Romance languages are part of the same branch because they all This branch includes languages that evolved from Latin (the language of the Romans). My daughter and I studied human geography at home during the 2015-2016, with the goal of her taking and passing the AP Human Geography Exam….and she did! It is spoken by approximately three-fourths of the Chinese people, and is used by the Chinese government. 84. Russian is the most widely used language in this branch, due to the spread of the Soviet Union. Dialect: Definition. The lingua franca in Africa, used by many to communicate as a second language, due to so many different native languages. 7: 12199173120: Language Group The language boundaries somewhat follow those of modern day political boundaries. AP Human Geography - Friction of Distance and Distance Decay - Duration: 10:57. The branch of the Indo-European language family with the most speakers. b. Pictish. a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages, relative to one region 5832893253: Agricultural Theory: one theory of the diffusion of Indo-European Language; began in Central Turkey and spread 11 miles per generation (approx 25 years) because of agricultural technology (everyone learned Indo-European language in order to learn how to use the new technology); this theory agrees with the Renfrew (Anatolian) hypothesis There is no single Chinese language. 9th Grade. Advanced Placement Human Geography (also known as AP Human Geo, AP Geography, APHG, AP HuGe, AP HuG, AP Human, or HGAP) is an Advanced Placement social studies course that studies human geography.The test is administered by College Board.. The path languages take as they grow and evolve around the world brings new insights into the history of the human race and can answer some very important questions about how we evolved. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, newly independent countries in these regions reverted to their native languages in this family, including the countries of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Mongolia and Georgia. Understanding the origin and diffusion of languages is essential to understanding the diffusion of humanity. A hybrid language combining words and idioms from both Spanish and English, especially Spanish speech that uses many English words and expressions. A country in which only one language is spoken (i.e. The most spoken language in this family is Javanese, since Java is the populous island of Indonesia. The largest language family is the Indo-European family of which there are many branches, including the Romance and the Germanic languages. AP Human Geography Syllabus 2015-2016: File Size: 291 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File . A language branch of the Indo-European Language Family. This family includes the languages of Javanese, Indonesian, Malay, and Malagasy. Geography, History. Languages in this family originated from the Ural mountains in Russia, spreading through migration. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. Introduction A. For example, Spanish and Italian are both part of the Romance languagegroup; they are both derived from Latin, they have many related words, and they contain similar grammatical structures. The hearth and spiritual center of Islam is at A. Baghdad B. Cairo C. Jakarta D. Mecca E. Jerusalem Answer: D. A state which places most power in the hands of a central government is a(n) A) federal state. Largest language family that includes English and most other languages in the Western Hemisphere. Language Branches are a collection of languages that share a common ancestor thousands of years ago. english: Term. a year ago. A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history. This multilingual state in Europe, which is part of the francophone world, remains peaceful with four official languages (German, French, Italian, and Romanish). Description. answerBasque was spoken in Europe before the Indo-European languages It is now the first language … languages from the indo-european family. 16 Films Recommended for AP Human/Cultural Geography class... by dwij-44289 | created - 04 Dec 2016 | updated - 01 Jun 2017 | Public Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc. I put together a syllabus utilizing a teacher’s website for AP Human Geography and other resources, such as online videos and documentaries. B) anocratic state. The term is used in all German-speaking countries to refer to the increasingly strong influx of English or pseudo-English vocabulary into German. The name of a place, often reflecting that place's history and culture. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families. Play this game to review Other. This language is the language of Islam (used in the Koran),, which is predominant throughout the region. C) the Roman Empire. This branch includes the languages of the British Isles before the invasion of the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. The principle language of Iran, a remnant of the Persian Empire. A) guilt B) gold C) glo... A nation or nationality is  A) a group of people tied to a place through legal status and tradition. Japan, Korea), A country in which more than one language is in use (India, Nigeria, Belgium, Switzerland). New linguistics research has just come out which explores the relationship between location and language development, shedding light onto some previously unexplored territory. Without language, culture could not be transmitted 2. A Form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages. It is usually the language of the common people. This branch of the Indo-European language family can be broken down into four groups: East Slavic (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian), Baltic (Latvian, Lithuanian), West Slavic (Polish, Czech, and Slovak), and South Slavic (Serbo-Croatian). Proposed by Marija Gimbutas, this theory argues the Proto-Indo-European language diffused by military conquest as nomadic herders on horseback (Kurgans) invaded west from the Asian Steppe ( border between Russia and Kazakhstan) around 4300 B.C in search of grasslands. This language was developed between African and Arab traders and is one for the few African languages with extensive literature. C) Japan and D... A language that was nearly extinct in British-controlled areas but which is now being revived is a. English. This language is a compulsory subject in all schools in Wales and knowledge of the language is now required for many jobs in Wales. 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